Lucas Cranach the Elder was born around 1472 in Kronach. His artistic development was promoted very early and he learned the art of drawing from his father. Between 1502 and 1504 he lived in Vienna. In 1505 he was attached to the court of Elector Frederick the Wise, who gave him the winged snake as an emblem in 1508. In 1509 Cranach went to the Netherlands, where he painted Emperor Maximilian and the young Emperor Charles V.
|500th birthday of Lucas Cranach the Elder (issued 18-05-1972)|
The stamp shows a portrait by Albrecht Dürer.
During his first years in Wittenberg Cranach worked at the Castle, but in 1512 he moved his painter's workshop to the town. Also in 1512 he married Barbara Brengbier and together they had five children. Later he also owned an apothecary shop and a book shop and became a respected and influental person in the town. In 1519 he became a member of Wittenberg's town council for the first time. While living in Wittenberg he became friends with Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon. In the following years Lucas Cranach became the most important painter of the Reformation and one of the most famous painters of the German Renaissance. For example he provided woodcut illustrations for Luther's German translation of the Bible and painted various portraits of the reformers. In 1524 he met Albrecht Dürer in Nuremberg. He remained the court painter of John the Steadfast after Frederick's death in 1525 and of John Frederick I after John's death in 1532. Between 1537 and 1544 he was also multiple times mayor of Wittenberg. After John Frederick I's defeat in the Battle of Mühlberg in 1547 and his following imprisonment, Lucas Cranach followed him to Augsburg and later Innsbruck. In 1552 Lucas Cranach also followed John Frederick I to his new residence in Weimar, where he lived together with one of his daughters and where he also died in 1553.
Lucas Cranach the Elder bought two houses in Wittenberg. The Cranach-Hof at Markt 4 was bought by him in 1512. There he run his famous painter's workshop and print shop. It is also considered to be the birth house of Lucas Cranach the Younger. It seeks for the inclusion on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Lucas Cranach the Younger was born in 1515 as second child of Lucas Cranach the Elder and Barbara Brengbier. Together with his older brother Hans he learned the art of drawing at their father's painter's workshop. In 1537 he assumed the workshop of his father and in 1544 he also got his houses in Wittenberg. Like his father he became a member of the town council and also worked as mayor. Lucas Cranach the Younger died in 1586. The style of his paintings can be so similar to those of his father that there have been some difficulties in attribution of their works.
|500th birthday of Lucas Cranach the Younger (issued 01-10-2015)|
|Detail of the stamp|
Begun by the father and finished by the son, the Reformation's Altar at the Town and Parish Church of St Mary's in Wittenberg is said to be one of the most important pieces of art of the Reformation. It arose in close cooperation between the artists and the reformers and was erected in 1547/48.
Over the last months I was able to buy various postcards and stamps of Lucas Cranach the Elder's paintings.
|Adam and Eve from the |
Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum in Braunschweig
|Venus and Cupid from the Picture Gallery in Berlin|
|Venus with Cupid from the |
Lower Saxony State Museum in Hanover
|The Golden Age from the Alte Pinakothek in Munich|
|The Last Judgement (detail) from the Picture Gallery in Berlin|
|500th birthday of Lucas Cranach the Elder (issued 04-07-1972)|
Portrait of Margaretha Luther, Luther's mother, from the Wartburg-Stiftung
|A nymph at a Fountain from the Museum of Fine Arts in Leipzig|
A Princess raped by St Chrysostomos from the Wartburg-Stiftung
Unfortunately I was not able to find so many cards about Lucas Cranach the Younger, in fact I only found one.
|Caritas from the Kunsthalle Hamburg|